Ntiaj teb AIDS hnub – Hlis ntuj nqeg 1, 2017 : Essay, ntsiab, slogans, quotes, lus, Yuav ua li cas mus nquam paj nquam nruas, Hais lus
Ntiaj teb pab hnub lom txhua txhua xyoo tag nrho cov thoob lub ntiaj teb no nyob rau hauv 1st ntawm lub hlis ntuj nqeg mus tsa tus pej xeem khiav txog AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome). AIDS yog ib tug kab mob tus kab mob tshwm sim los vim tus kab mob ntawm tib neeg Immunodeficiency Tus kab mob (HIV). Lub hnub yog zoo siab los ntawm tsoom fwv cov koom haum, NGOs, civil zej zog thiab lwm yam kev noj qab nyob ua hauj lwm los ntawm Workers lub has lug hab los yog forums kev sib tham muaj feem rau cov AIDS.
Cov Thawj Tswj Hwm ntawm United States tshaj tawm hais tias ib tug hauj lwm tshaj tawm rau ntiaj teb AIDS hnub nyob rau hauv lub xyoo 1995 uas twb pib nram qab no los ntawm lwm lub teb chaws thoob lub ntiaj teb no. Raws li cov ntxhib kwv yees, nyob ib ncig ntawm 25 lab cov neeg tuag los ntawm 1981 rau 2007 vim hais tias ntawm lub HIV kab mob. Txawm tias tom qab txoj kev mus ntawm antiretroviral kev kho mob ntawm ntau qhov chaw, nyob ib ncig ntawm 2 lab cov neeg (tsawg kawg 270,000 ntawm tag nrho cov yog menyuam yaus) nyob rau hauv 2007 tau tus kab mob no phaum mob tus kab mob.
Ntiaj teb AIDS hnub ua koob tsheej tau ua qhov tseem pom tau hais tias kev noj qab nyob hnub ua koob tsheej chaw. Ntiaj teb AIDS hnub ua koob tsheej muaj tus yuam sij caij nyoog mus rau lub noj qab haus huv cov koom haum yuav ua tau kom lub khiav ntawm cov neeg, feem ntau tau nkag mus rau cov kev kho mob raws li tau zoo raws li tswv yim txog cov kev tiv thaiv.
NTIAJ TEB AIDS HNUB 2017
Ntiaj teb Aids hnub 2017 yuav ua kev zoo siab ntawm Friday, rau 1st ntawm lub Kaum Ob Hlis.
NTIAJ TEB AIDS HNUB KEEB KWM
Ntiaj teb AIDS hnub twb xub visualized los ntawm lub Thomas Netter thiab James W. Bunn nyob rau hauv lub hlis ntawm lub yim hli ntuj nyob rau hauv 1987. Thomas Netter thiab James W. Bunn ob leeg yog cov pej xeem ntaub ntawv tub ceev xwm rau tus AIDS ntiaj teb no Program nyob rau LEEJ TWG (World Health Organization) nyob rau hauv Geneva, Switzerland. Lawv tau qhia lawv lub tswv yim hais txog cov AIDS hnub rau Dr. Jonathan Mann (Thawj coj ntawm lub AIDS ntiaj teb no Program), uas tau kev pom zoo rau lub tswv yim thiab pom zoo hauv lub ntiaj teb AIDS hnub kevcai no rau 1st ntawm lub hlis ntuj nqeg rau hauv lub xyoo 1988.
Ntiaj teb AIDS hnub ua koob tsheej tau txiav txim siab los ntawm lawv ua kev zoo siab txhua txhua xyoo nyob rau hauv 1st ntawm lub hlis ntuj nqeg meej. Lawv xav hais tias nws yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab deb ntawm qhov kev xaiv tsa lub sij hawm, Christmas cov hnub so los yog lwm yam hnub caiv. Nws yuav tsum ua kev zoo siab thaum lub sij hawm lub sij hawm thaum cov neeg thiab xov xwm yuav them paj rau koj ntau thiab cov xim nyob rau hauv broadcasting cov xov xwm thoob lub ntiaj teb no.
The Joint United Nations Program on HIV / AIDS, kuj hu ua tus UNAIDS, tuaj mus rau hauv cov nyhuv rau hauv lub xyoo 1996 thiab pib txhawb thoob ntiaj teb. Es tsis txhob raug lom rau tsuas yog ib hnub, Ntiaj teb AIDS phiaj los nqis tes twb launched los ntawm cov UNAIDS nyob rau hauv lub xyoo 1997 ua kom pom tseeb rau hauv lub AIDS cov kev pab cuam, zoo sib txuas lus, tiv thaiv kab mob thiab kab mob khiav kev kawm rau tag nrho lub xyoo.
Nyob rau hauv lub pib xyoo, lub ntiaj teb AIDS hnub ntxhais tau tsuas tsom rau cov me nyuam raws li tau zoo raws li cov tub ntxhais hluas, uas tau tom qab pom zoo raws li ib tsev neeg kab mob raws li ib tug neeg uas muaj hnub nyoog pab pawg neeg yuav tsum raug tus kab mob HIV. Txij li thaum 2007, lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub twb pib symbolizing los ntawm ib tug iconic zaub ntawm AIDS Ribbon los ntawm lub Tsev Dawb.
NTIAJ TEB AIDS HNUB ntsiab
UNAIDS pib Workers lub ntiaj teb AIDS hnub phiaj los nqis tes ua koob tsheej nco nrog cov txhua xyoo ntxhais zoo ntiaj teb no paub txog txog tus kab mob. Nram qab no yog daim ntawv teev cov tag nrho lub xyoo paub qab hau ntxhais ntawm lub ntiaj teb no Aids hnub:
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1988 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, "Kev sib txuas lus".
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1989 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, "Hluas".
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1990 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, "Cov poj niam thiab AIDS".
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1991 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Sharing the Challenge”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1992 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Community Commitment”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1993 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Act”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1994 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “AIDS and the Family”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1995 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Shared Rights, Shared Responsibilities”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1996 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “One World and One Hope”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1997 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Children Living in a World with AIDS”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1998 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Force for Change: World AIDS Campaign with Young People”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 1999 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Listen, Learn, Live: World AIDS Campaign with Children and Young People”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2000 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “AIDS: Men Make a Difference”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2001 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “I care. Do you”?
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2002 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stigma and Discrimination”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2003 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stigma and Discrimination”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2004 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Women, Girls, HIV and AIDS”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2005 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stop AIDS: Keep the Promise”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2006 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stop AIDS: Keep the Promise-Accountability”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2007 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stop AIDS: Keep the Promise- Leadership”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2008 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Stop AIDS: Keep the Promise-Lead-Empower-Deliver”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2009 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Universal Access and Human Rights”.
- Lub ntsiab ntawm lub xyoo 2010 rau lub ntiaj teb Aids hnub phiaj los nqis tes yog, “Universal Access and Human Rights”.
- The theme from the year 2011 rau 2015 for World Aids Day campaign was, “Getting to zero: zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS related deaths”
WORLD AIDS DAY ACTIVITIES
Variety of activities can be done on the day of World Aids day celebration to increase the awareness and distribute the message of the theme of particular year. It is very necessary to increase the awareness among people as they are the main target of the program. Some of the activities are written below:
- Community based individuals and organizations should be contacted to plan the World AIDS Day activities, to organize a planned meeting. It can be well started from the local clinics, hospitals, social service agencies, schools, AIDS advocacy groups and etc.
- A single event or sequence of independent events can be determined for better awareness by the speakers and exhibitors through the forums, rallies, health fairs, community events, faith services, parades, block parties and etc.
- A public statement can be submitted to the agency board identifying the recognition for the World AIDS Day.
- Red ribbons should be wore or distributed to others to mark the hope to the schools, work sites or community groups. Electronic ribbons can also be distributed to the social media outlets.
- All the activities (like DVD showings and Aids prevention seminars) of businesses, schools, health care organizations, clergy and local agencies should be encouraged for their great work.
- A candlelight vigil can be held at the public park or the nearest agency where singers, musicians, dancers, poets, story tellers and etc could distribute the message of Aids prevention through entertaining performances.
- World AIDS Day information can be distributed by linking it to the web site of your agency.
- All the planned events and activities should be already distributed through the e-mail, newsletters, mailings or electronic bulletins.
- People can be aware by displaying the exhibitions, posters, videos, flyers, brochures for HIV/AIDS and etc.
- World AIDS Day activities can be informed to a large group of people instantly through the blogs, Facebook, Twitter or through the other social media websites.
- Actively contribute to the other groups of celebrating the World AIDS Day.
- A candlelight celebration can be held in the memory of died person due to HIV/AIDS.
- Religious leaders are encouraged to speak something for AIDS intolerance and dishonor.
- A service can be started to provide the meals, shelter, transportation, companionship for the people with HIV/AIDS. They can also be invited in the social work, worship or other functions to increase their morality.
OBJECTIVES OF WORLD AIDS DAY 2017
The purpose of the World Aids Day celebration every year to well support the Member States in order to build up the new and effective policies and programmes, to strengthen the health systems as well as to increase the capacity of health sectors towards HIV/AIDS. Some of the main objectives of the World Aids Day are listed below:
- To guide the member states for globally increasing the prevention and control measures for HIV/AIDS.
- To offer the member states a technical support for implementing the plan for prevention, care as well as treatment for HIV/AIDS including the testing, counseling of mother for transmitting the infection to the child, STI control and antiretroviral therapy.
- To aware people about the antiretroviral medicines or other commodities which can help them to fight against HIV/AIDS.
- To involve the peer groups in the campaign for getting the most effective result.
- To encourage more students from the schools, universities and social structures to contribute in the competitions organized for the AIDS.
- To decrease and control the number of patients infected by HIV/AIDS as well as to encourage the peer groups for condom.
WORLD AIDS DAY SLOGANS, QUOTES AND MESSAGES (World AIDS DAY 2017)
- “HIV/AIDS has no boundaries”.
- “My play Safe Sex was picked apart because critics thought it was untrue. It was a play in which no one had AIDS, but the characters talked about how it was going to change their lives”.
- “Small aids to individuals, large aid to masses”.
- “AIDS is an absolutely tragic disease. The argument about AIDS’ being some kind of divine retribution is crap”.
- “Give a child love, laughter and peace, not AIDS”.
- “I know one man who was impotent who gave AIDS to his wife and the only thing they did was kiss”.
- “If you judge people you have no time to love them”.
- “Let us give publicity to H.I.V./AIDS and not hide it, because the only way to make it appear like a normal illness like TB, like cancer, is always to come out and say somebody has died because of H.I.V./AIDS, and people will stop regarding it as something extraordinary”.
- “The AIDS is a disease that is hard to talk about”.
- “I burned out on AIDS and did no AIDS work for a couple of years. I was so angry that people were still getting this disease that nobody can give you – you have to go out and get it”!
- “My son has died of AIDS”.
- “Because of the lack of education on AIDS, discrimination, fear, panic, and lies surrounded me”.
- “You can’t get AIDS from a hug or a handshake or a meal with a friend”.
- “This AIDS stuff is pretty scary. I hope I don’t get it”.
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) caused by the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) which attack the immune system of the human body. The disease was first recognized in the year 1981. It was first identified by the name of AIDS on 27th of July in the year 1982.
HIV infection can be easily transmitted from one person to the other if they have contacted ever directly through the mucous membrane, bodily fluid or blood. In the earlier period, there was a lot of social stigma for the people with HIV/AIDS. According to the estimate, it has been noted that around 33 million people have been infected with the HIV and 2 million people died because of it each year.
HIV is a virus which attacks the T-cells of the immune system and causes the disease known as AIDS. It is found in the human body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids, breast milk of the infected person which can be passed to others by a direct contact like blood transfusion, oral sex, anal sex, vaginal sex or injecting contaminated needles. It can be passed to the baby by the pregnant women during delivery or through breast feeding.
It was originated in the 19th and 20th century in the region of west-central Africa. Actually there is no any cure for it but the course of disease can be lessens down by some treatment.
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
A person with HIV/AIDS has the following signs and symptoms:
- Sore throat
- Sweats during night
- Enlarged glands
- Weight loss
- Joint pain
- Muscle ache
- Red rashes
Tab sis, in many cases of this disease the initial symptoms are disappeared for many years during which HIV virus cause damages to the immune system which is incurable. The infected person never feels any symptoms during this period and appears healthy.
Tab sis, in the late stage of HIV infection (when virus weakens the immune system to fight against it) the person develops illness with AIDS. Person with the late stage infection started showing following signs and symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Permanent tiredness
- Fever (above 100f)
- Night sweats
- Diarrhea (persistent and chronic)
- Dry cough
- White spots on the tongue and mouth
- Swollen glands
- Weight loss
- Shortness of breath
- Esophagitis (inflammation of lower esophagus linings)
- Kaposi sarcoma, cancer of the cervix, lungs, rectum, liver, head, neck and the cancer of immune system (lymphomas).
- Meningitis, encephalitis and peripheral neuropathy
- Toxoplasmosis (infection of brain)
There are some myths which are spread in the society about the AID. Aids never spread through the hand shake, hug, sneeze, unbroken skin touch or the use of same toilet.